Prior to independence during British regime in India, some evidence are available that the mentally ill patients during this period were being treated at Circle Jail, Cuttack as evidenced by a writing in a marble plaque “Mental Asylum” on the very first barrack of the Circle Jail, Cuttack and the old jail road of Cuttack was used to be called as Mental Asylum Road.
After separation of Orissa as a state there was no facility of treatment for mentally ill patients and they were being treated in Indian Mental Hospital, which was subsequently named as Ranchi Manasik Arogyasala (RMA) and now functioning as Ranchi Institute of Neuropsychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS).
- In continuation to this, the concept of independent provision of psychiatry services particularly for voluntary admission in Orissa dates back to 15th August 1961. Dr. Partha Rao started the Orissa Red cross Mental Hospital in the campus of S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack under the Indian Red. cross Society, Orissa State Branch, after completing his DPM from Bombay in 1956.
- During this period, Late Prof.(Dr) Gopal Chandra Mitra started a psychiatric wing in the Department of Medicine of S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack . Subsequently he did his MD in Medicine, D.M in Neurology and retired as Professor of Neurology of SCB Medical College, Cuttack. During this period, a 10 bedded child psychiatric unit was functioning at the then Institute of Paediatric and Child Health (now Sardar Vallav Vhai Patel Postgraduate Institute of Paediatrics) where Dr. P. Sarojini Dash was working as a registrar after doing her DPM from Bangalore and MD (Medicine) from Utkal University.
- Govt. of Orissa, Health & Family Welfare Department on 1st April 1966 decided to take over the Sishu Bhavan and Orissa Red Cross Mental Hospital being renamed as Mental Health Institute, Cuttack by a Board formed under common proceedings approved by the Government. The undergraduate teaching program started functioning from 1966 at Mental Health Institute (MHI).
- Due to non-availability of post-graduate degree in Psychiatry few enthusiastic persons went outside the state for their MD Psychiatry. In 1973 Prof. I.B Das and in 1974, Prof. G.C. Kar and Dr. S.R. Das acquired their post- graduate degrees in Psychiatry from Prince of Wales Medical College, Patna.
- In 1970, Dr. Bimbadhar Dash joined as Asst. Professor of Psychiatry-Cum-Additional Superintendent, MHI after taking over the charge from Dr. Partha Rao and subsequently in 1971 a new post of Associate Professor was created and Dr. Bimbadhar Dash continued as Associate Professor cum HOD & Addl. Superintendent (additional fulltime charge) and took over the MHI Subsequently, Dr. P’Sarojini Dash who was working at SVPPGIP.Cuttack joined as Asst. Professor of Psychiatry at MHI,Cuttack.
- However Govt. of Orissa, H & F.W. Dept. Started 2 seats in MD, Psychiatry after the preliminary inspection of Utkal University Dr. Bimbadhar Das, Associate Prof. Of Psychiatry Cum-Addl. Superintendent was promoted the rank of Prof., HOD, Psychiatry in 1980.
- In 1982 Prof. A.K. Bardhan was the 1st person to be awarded with MD Degree in psychiatry by Utkal University and the same year Dr. Jyoti Mohapatra, DPM (Ranchi), Dr. B.N. Mishra, DPM (Ranchi) and Dr. P.K. Choudhury, DPM(Bombay) acquired their MD Psychiatry degree. Subsequently the same 2 seats are continued one being reserved for direct candidate and other for in service candidate by the Govt.
- It is worth mentioning that this MD Psychiatry degree did not get the recognition by Medical Council of India (MCI), which got its recognition in 1999 from Mel because of the single handed efforts of Prof. G.C. Kar, President of the Indian Psychiatric society (2000-01) which remained as a milestone to remember for future generation of post graduate students passing out from this institute. Prof G.C. Kar deserves a special note on recognition in this connection.
- Prof. G.C. Kar took over the Department in 1996 and has been declared as the Prof. HOD Cum-Medical Superintendent (Ex-officio) by the Principal Secretary to Govt., Health & Family Welfare-Dept. In 1999 the Professor and H.O.D Psychiatry, S.C.B Medical College was allowed to work as Ex-officer Medical Superintendent of Mental Health Institute, Cuttack vide order no. ME- 1- Prof 72/ 92/ 44140/ 3.12.19.
- Mental Health Institute S.C.B Medical College, Cuttack was declared as Center of excellence (COE) in Mental Health on 2010. Subsequently in 2012 a revolutionary step was taken by Health & Family Welfare Department Govt. of Odisha under National Mental Health Programmed (NMHP) of Govt. of India, When the post of Medical Superintendent, Mental Health Institute S.C.B Medical College, Cuttack was declared as Director cum Medical Suprintendent and was kept under Amistration control of Director, Medical education and training (DMET) vide order no MH-16/2012/34082/H dated 28.12.12.Prof (Dr) N M Rath was the First director cum Med superintendent in 2012. Three new departments like Department of Clinical Psychology (CP), Department of Psychiatric Social Worker (PSW) and Psychiatric Nursing have been opened in addition to Department of Psychiatry at Mental Health Institute to cater both teaching & treatment.
- Prof (Dr) Sarada Prasanna Swain has taken over the charge of Director cum Medical superintendent in 20.01.2018. The process of autonomy was initiated by Prof Dr S P Swain and a decision was taken on meeting held under chairmanship of the then Commisioner cum Secretary Dr Pramod Kumar Meherda on ameeting held in 05.10.2018 to give Functional Autonomous Status MHI. Finally in 25.02.2019 ,Mental Health Institute (Center of Excellence) was given Adequate Function Autonomous status by Govt. of Odisha vide letter no 5076/25.02.2019 when three Department like Department of Clinical Psychology (CP), Department of Psychiatric Social Worker(PSW), Department of Psychiatric Nursing are brought under the administrative control of Director M.H.I, Cuttack.
- From 2018 MHI(COE) has two MCI (MEDICAL COUNCIL OF INDIA) Units with 5 M.D (Psychiatry) Seats , 8 MPhil.seats in Clinical Psychology, 6 MPhil seats in Psychiatry Social Work(PSW) and 20 seats in Post Basic in Psychiatry Nursing(PBDPN) with 150 beds for the Patients care.
M.H.I, S.C.B MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, CUTTACK, ODISHA. DATA OF PATIENTS FOR THE LAST TWENTY YEARS (OPD)
|Year||OPD (New)||OPD (Old)||Grand Total|
M.H.I, S.C.B MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, CUTTACK, ODISHA. DATA OF PATIENTS FOR THE LAST TWENTY YEARS (IPD)